7 Common Leadership Styles With Their Curial Details

When you think about the leaders around you, you may characterize them into two types only: Good or Bad. A Good Leader has qualities like integrity, courage, respect, and, most importantly, empathy. On the other hand, a Bad Leader may lack communication, vision, feedback, and all of the above guidance. Yes, these two are different types of leadership. But the thing is, leadership isn’t that straightforward. There are several types of leadership styles that are neither good nor bad. However, they all have their benefits and drawbacks. A leader must know about the different types of leadership to seamlessly navigate the complexities of the modern workplace. 

If you are a leader and want to determine which type of leadership you are performing, read this blog. It has common leadership styles with their characteristics and how to decide which leadership your type.

Leadership Styles And Their Characteristics

Leadership is not just about delegating tasks and making decisions but more about supporting a team and project success. Poor leadership may have several negative effects. Therefore, it is important to know what type of leader you are. To do this, you need to learn about the different leadership styles. Here, we discuss common types of leadership.

#1 Democratic Leadership

Democratic leadership is just as the name explains. Also known as participative leadership, democratic leadership is the style where the leader involves team members in the decision-making process. Unlike other leadership styles, democratic leadership encourages open communication, collaboration, and discussion. 

Characteristics of democratic leadership 

  • Inclusive 
  • Supporting 
  • Empathic
  • Trust-building 

#2 Coaching Leadership

Coaching leadership focuses on developing the team’s skills, abilities, and potential through guidance, support, and feedback. Rather than directing, coaching leadership acts as a mentor, helping individuals to identify their strengths, goals, and improvement areas. Among other leadership styles, this builds trust and strong relationships within the team. 

Characteristics of coaching leadership

  • Active listening
  • Goal setting
  • Empowerment

#3 Situational Leadership

Out of the types of leadership, situational leadership is the most unique one. In this approach, leadership behavior changes depending on the circumstances to meet the needs and capabilities of the individual and team. Adjusting leadership styles for good outcomes isn’t a bad approach. 

Characteristics of situational leadership

  • Flexibility 
  • Adjustments
  • Development focus
  • Guidance and support 

#4 Strategic Leadership 

Strategic leadership is one of the types of leadership that focuses on the long-term vision, direction, and success of the organization. It involves setting goals, creating strategies, and aligning resources and actions to achieve those goals in a rapidly changing and competitive environment. Out of the leadership styles, strategic leaders do not guide day-to-day tasks but focus on future challenges and opportunities. 

Characteristics of strategic leadership

  • Strategic thinking 
  • Decision-making 
  • Vision & direction
  • Innovation & Creativity 

#5 Autocratic Leadership 

One of the types of leadership, autocratic leadership, is the opposite of democratic leadership,. Yes, you got it right. In autocratic leadership, the leader holds complete authority and makes decisions without input and participation from subordinates and team members. Out of the leadership styles, leaders have strict control over the team, dictating tasks, methods, and processes without any room for discussion. 

Characteristics of autocratic leadership

  • Centralized decision-making
  • Minimal delegation 
  • Low empowerment & Autonomy 
  • Limited creativity & Innovation

#6 Transformational Leadership

Transformational leadership is a style in which leaders inspire and motivate their followers to achieve goals by performing their best. Besides helping their team to improve, this type of leadership fosters the company’s growth. Ultimately, the goal of a transformational leader is to create a lasting impact. Unlike other types of leadership styles, this improves profitability and productivity while being positive. 

Characteristics of transformational leadership

  • Role modeling
  • Continuous improvement 
  • Inspirational motivation 
  • Empowerment & Trust 

#7 Transactional Leadership

In simple words, transactional leadership is where leaders rule followers. There are rewards and punishments to motivate and direct behavior. Leaders closely monitor the performance of their employees and offer them a reward if the goal is met. This is one of the typical types of leadership styles, but it makes the employees feel safe as they understand the expectations. 

Characteristics of transactional leadership

  • Limited flexibility 
  • Hierarchical structure
  • Contingent rewards
  • Clear Exceptions & Goals

How To Determine Your Leadership Style?

Finding your leadership style is important for leading a team successfully. However, determining your type among several leadership styles can be challenging. Therefore, we have provided a short yet effective guide for leaders. 

  • First, know about all the leadership programs
  • Conduct a self-assessment. 
  • Solicit feedback from your team members. 
  • Stay true to yourself. 
  • Continuously learn and grow. 

Once you identify your type of leadership, you can cultivate authentic and effective leadership that is aligned with your values and goals. Remember that leadership is not a one-size-fits-all methodology. Every organization, project, team, and venture requires different types of leadership, depending on their requirements. Adjusting leadership styles is acceptable to meet the needs and goals. 

Learn Your Leadership Style To Become A Better Leader

Whether you are a leader of a big or small team, constant learning is very important. Besides this, you need to be a good listener (exceptional for some leadership styles). Analyze yourself and consider the feedback given by your team and managers. 

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